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Research Article |

Assessing Environmental Jurisprudence in India: An Analysis of the National Green Tribunal's Judicial Structure and Institutional Effectiveness

This article assesses the judicial structure of the National Green Tribunal (NGT), specifically focusing on the western bench, and its role in providing access to environmental justice in India. It highlights the loopholes and deficiencies in the functioning of the NGT, which hinder its effectiveness in addressing environmental problems. The analysis of recent environmental cases demonstrates contradictions and gaps in the institutional mechanisms, resulting in ineffective implementation of legislation. The lack of clarity in calculating compensation values, selective action against violators, and inadequate penalties are some of the issues identified. The article also points out the absence of a centralized monitoring mechanism for NGT orders and the inefficient utilization of collected fines. To improve the NGT's effectiveness, several recommendations are proposed. These include strengthening infrastructure, ensuring timely appointments of qualified personnel, providing specialized training, promoting collaboration and coordination among stakeholders, raising public awareness and participation, implementing effective case management practices, encouraging alternative dispute resolution, strengthening enforcement, fostering research and expertise, and advocating for legislative reforms. By addressing these recommendations, the NGT can enhance its capacity to handle environmental cases, expedite the resolution process, and uphold the principles of sustainable development, precautionality, and the Polluter Pays Principle. Collaboration and open dialogue among authorities, along with constructive approaches, are emphasized as crucial for addressing environmental challenges effectively.

National Green Tribunal, Environmental Justice, Institutional Structure, Access to Justice, Compensation, Monitoring, Environmental Law

APA Style

Megha Phadkay. (2023). Assessing Environmental Jurisprudence in India: An Analysis of the National Green Tribunal's Judicial Structure and Institutional Effectiveness . International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy, 11(5), 86-91. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijepp.20231105.12

ACS Style

Megha Phadkay. Assessing Environmental Jurisprudence in India: An Analysis of the National Green Tribunal's Judicial Structure and Institutional Effectiveness . Int. J. Environ. Prot. Policy 2023, 11(5), 86-91. doi: 10.11648/j.ijepp.20231105.12

AMA Style

Megha Phadkay. Assessing Environmental Jurisprudence in India: An Analysis of the National Green Tribunal's Judicial Structure and Institutional Effectiveness . Int J Environ Prot Policy. 2023;11(5):86-91. doi: 10.11648/j.ijepp.20231105.12

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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